Property Jargon Buster

March 2, 2022

New year, new home: securing the perfect property for 2022

GETTING CONFUSED BY waffly terms and property speak? Though the world of mortgages and property is filled with unfamiliar vocabulary, there is no need to be intimidated. Our jargon buster will help you navigate the terms you’re likely to encounter as you search for your new home in 2022. 

ACCEPTANCE A document indicating acceptance of a mortgage provider’s offer. AFFORDABILITY 

ASSESSMENT The process which lenders complete to establish if someone can afford to repay the loan repayments over the term of the loan. 

AGREEMENT IN PRINCIPLE (AIP) A statement from a mortgage lender confirming they’ll lend a certain amount before the purchase of your property is finalised. 

ANNUAL PERCENTAGE RATE (APR) A numerical value that represents the true cost of a loan or mortgage, taking into account not just the interest rate, but also the other costs, such as arrangement fees and charges. 

ARRANGEMENT FEE A fee paid to your mortgage provider at the start of your mortgage. 

ASSIGN To hand over the rights to a property from one individual to another. 

ASSURED SHORTHOLD TENANCY (AST) A common type of rental agreement in the UK, between a private landlord (or letting agent) and tenant. ASTs are periodic or fixedterm contracts that can be terminated by the landlord without stating a reason.

BASE RATE An interest rate set by the Bank of England. Mortgage interest rates are often linked to the base rate. 

BREAK CLAUSE A contractual clause in a tenancy agreement that allows either party to terminate the arrangement after a fixed term, for example, six months into a 12-month contract. 

BRIDGING LOAN A short-term loan designed to help the borrower to buy property for a short period, for example, before they have arranged a mortgage, or if they intend to sell the property soon afterwards. 

BUILDING INSPECTION See ‘Survey’. 

BUY-TO-LET A property bought with the sole intention of letting it to tenants. 

CHAIN A string of property sales dependent on one another to progress. 

COMPLETION The final stage of a property sale and the point at which a buyer receives the keys and becomes the legal owner. 

COMPLETION STATEMENT A solicitor’s record of the transfers and transactions conducted as part of the completion. 

CONDITIONS OF SALE Items in a contract relating to the responsibilities of the various parties involved. 

CONTRACT An agreement and accompanying legal document between two parties. In a property context, these are usually the buyer and seller of a specific property. 

CONVEYANCER/ CONVEYANCING The individual who undertakes the legal procedures involved in property sales on behalf of the buyer and seller, and the work they undertake. 

CREDIT SEARCH REFERENCES Third-party checks on a tenant’s credit history to establish their suitability to rent a particular property. 

DECISION IN PRINCIPLE (DIP) See ‘Agreement in Principle (AIP)’. DEEDS The legal documents establishing the ownership of a property. 

DEPOSIT A lump sum of money a buyer (mortgage deposit) or renter (tenancy deposit) pays to a property owner to secure the right to own or rent their property. 

DEPOSIT PROTECTION SCHEME (DPS) An authorised scheme to hold and protect a rental tenancy deposit. 

DILAPIDATIONS Items requiring repair or replacement at the end of a tenancy due to damage by the tenant. 

DISBURSEMENTS Costs and expenses incurred and paid during the conveyancing process, such as search fees and stamp duty. 

DISCOUNTED-RATE MORTGAGE A mortgage deal where the interest rate is a set amount less than the mortgage lender’s standard variable rate (SVR). 

DRAFT CONTRACT An early version of a contract that may be updated before the contracts are exchanged. 

EARLY REPAYMENT CHARGES (ERCS) Penalty fees charged when someone leaves a mortgage during a specified period, usually the period of the initial deal. 

EASEMENT A right to cross or use an area of land, that may affect a property owned. 

ENDOWMENT MORTGAGE You pay money into a type of investment called an ‘endowment’ to pay off an interest-only mortgage at the end of the term. 

ENERGY PERFORMANCE CERTIFICATE (EPC) A document that displays a property’s energy efficiency rating and environmental impact. Legally required for the sales and lettings process. 

EQUITY The value of a property owned by an individual (versus the value they are still required to make mortgage repayments on). 

EXCHANGE OF CONTRACTS The moment at which a property sale is final, and the buyer and seller have both signed the contract of sale, which can no longer be amended. 

FITTINGS Items current within a property that do not constitute part of the property and are not included in the sale, such as furniture. 

FIXED-RATE MORTGAGE The mortgage interest rate stays the same for the initial period of the deal. 

FIXTURES Items attached to the land or property that are included in its sale. 

FREEHOLD A type of property ownership (see also ‘Leasehold’) that indicates that the land and building is within the ownership of an individual indefinitely.

GAS SAFETY RECORD A document legally required of all landlords to demonstrate that all gas appliances have been checked by a qualified engineer and declared safe. 

GAZUMPING An alternative buyer makes a higher offer to buy a property that is already under offer. 

GAZUNDERING When the buyer lowers their offer to buy a property at the last minute, just before contracts are exchanged. 

GROUND RENT A charge paid by a leasehold owner to a freehold owner of a property, usually on an annual basis. 

HOMEBUYER REPORT See ‘Survey’. 

INTEREST-ONLY MORTGAGE Interest is paid on the mortgage each month, without repaying any of the capital loan itself. 

INVENTORY A document stating the contents and condition of a property at the start and end of a tenancy period, to record any loss or damage. 

LAND REGISTRY The registry of ownership of land and property in the UK, to which a fee is paid when ownership changes hands. 

LEASEHOLD A type of property ownership (see also ’Freehold’) that indicates that an individual has purchased the right to live in a property for a fixed period, although the land and building belong to a freehold owner. 

LISTED BUILDING A property or structure that appears on a register due to its special historic or architectural interest. 

LOAN-TO-VALUE (LTV) The size of the mortgage as a percentage of the property’s value. 

MARKET VALUE The estimated value that a property would sell for at the current time on the open market. 

MORTGAGE VALUATION A report on the value of a property by an independent surveyor on behalf of the mortgage provider. 

NEGATIVE EQUITY A state in which the owner of a property owes more to their mortgage provider than the total value of the property. 

OFFSET MORTGAGE Mortgage linked with a savings and, sometimes, current account. Credit balances are offset against the mortgage debt so interest is only paid on the difference, while also paying off the capital. 

REMORTGAGE Changing a mortgage without moving property to save money, change to a different type of mortgage or to release equity from the property.

REPAYMENT MORTGAGE Paying off the mortgage interest and part of the capital of the loan each month. Unless any repayments are missed, the mortgage is guaranteed to be paid by the end of the term. 

SEARCHES Checks conducted as part of the conveyancing process before a property sale is made final. 

SHARE OF FREEHOLD A form of property ownership (see also ‘Freehold’ and ‘Leasehold’) where several individuals own a portion of the property through a limited company. 

SOLE AGENT INSTRUCTION A sale or tenancy managed by a single estate or letting agent. 

STAMP DUTY/LAND AND BUILDINGS TRANSACTION TAX/LAND TRANSACTION TAX A tax paid when buying a property over a certain value. If you’re buying a home in England or Northern Ireland from 1 October 2021, you will pay Stamp Duty on residential properties costing more than £125,000, unless you qualify for firsttime buyer’s relief. If you’re buying a second home, you’ll still pay an extra 3% Stamp Duty on properties costing more than £40,000 at the relevant rates at that time. If you’re buying a home in Scotland you will pay Land and Buildings Transaction Tax (LBTT) on properties costing more than £145,000. If you’re buying an additional property, you might need to pay an extra 4% on the total purchase price of the 117 property, as well as the standard rates of LBTT that may apply. If you’re buying a home in Wales you will pay Land Transaction Tax (LTT) if the property costs more than £180,000. If you’re buying your main home, you will pay no LTT on purchases under £250,000. If you’re buying an additional property, you will need to pay the higher residential rates for each band. 

STANDARD VARIABLE RATE (SVR) The default mortgage interest rate a lender will charge after the initial mortgage deal period ends. 

SUBJECT TO CONTRACT A phase of a property sale after an offer has been made and accepted but before contracts have been signed and exchanged.

SURVEY A property inspection and report conducted by a qualified surveyor to identify issues or faults with the property that may affect its safety or value. 

TENANCY/TENANT A period in which an individual is granted the right to live in a specified property, subject to a tenancy agreement, and the individual involved.

TRACKER MORTGAGE The interest rate on the mortgage tracks the Bank of England base rate at a set margin above or below it. 

TRANSFER DOCUMENT The document that legally transfers the rights to a property from one party to another. 

UNDER OFFER A phase of a property sale after an offer has been made. 

VALUATION An appraisal of a property to establish its market value. 

VARIABLE RATE MORTGAGE Interest rate on the mortgage can go up or down according to the lender’s standard variable rate. 

WANT TO FIND OUT HOW MUCH YOU COULD BORROW? 

Let us help you find the right mortgage for your home. To discuss your particular situation and find out how much you could borrow, contact The Official Mortgage Company – telephone 01777 809700 – email admin@officialmortgages.co.uk

Your home may be repossessed if you do not keep up repayments on your mortgage.

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